The First Approved Two-level Disc1
The Mobi-C Cervical Disc has been designed for cervical disc replacement to restore segmental motion and disc height. The components of Mobi-C include superior and inferior cobalt chromium molybdenum alloy endplates coated with plasma sprayed titanium and hydroxyapatite coating, and a polyethylene mobile bearing insert.
The controlled mobility of the patented mobile core is the foundation of Mobi-C, encouraging height restoration and respect of the instantaneous axis of rotation for a return to physiological mobility of the spinal segment.
Patented Mobile Bearing Technology
- Controlled mobility is provided with a mobile core that can translate up to 1mm on the inferior endplate.
- Designed to facilitate both independent and coupled motions similar to natural cervical spine motion.
Bone Sparing Technology
- No bone chiseling, no invasive keels or screws required.
- Intact bony endplates provide a preserved surface that is ideal for two-level implantation.
- Intraoperative flexibility to optimize implant positioning.
Ease of Insertion
- Mobi-C provides one step insertion, with no additional exposure or operative steps required for keel or screw placement.
- Mobi-C comes preassembled on a disposable radiolucent PEEK cartridge.
Proven Clinical Success
Mobi-C was approved via an Investigational Device Exemption (IDE) clinical trial involving 599 patients comparing Mobi-C to Anterior Cervical Discectomy and Fusion (ACDF) at one and two contiguous levels. Mobi-C is the first cervical disc FDA approved for both one and two-level indications. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved an update to the Mobi-C labeling to include seven-year clinical results.
The Mobi-C IDE trial was a multi-center, prospective, and randomized controlled trial. The trial tested Mobi-C for non-inferiority to ACDF. The trial planned for the testing of superiority in the event that non-inferiority was established. The primary trial endpoint analysis was based upon 24 month results. The IDE trial consisted of one-level and two-level treatment arms conducted simultaneously under the same FDA approved protocol.
- Investigational treatment: anterior cervical discectomy followed by insertion of Mobi-C at one-level or two contiguous levels
- Control treatment: anterior cervical discectomy followed by insertion of allograft bone and an anterior cervical plate (DePuy Spine Slim-Loc® or the Medtronic Atlantis® or Atlantis Vision®)
- Randomization scheme: 2 to 1 ratio, Mobi-C to ACDF respectively
- 599 total patients involved (both one and two-level patients)
- The trial allowed for 1 non-randomized training case per site and resulted in 15 non-randomized subjects in the one-level arm, and 9 non-randomized subjects in the two-level arm
- 24 investigative sites
In the two-level arm of the IDE trial, Mobi-C demonstrated superiority in overall trial success compared to ACDF at 84 months. Findings comparing Mobi-C to ACDF in the two-level arm at the 84-month time point included:
- Mobi-C implanted at two levels demonstrated superiority in overall trial success compared to ACDF. The difference between Mobi-C’s overall success rate of 60.8% and ACDF’s rate of 34.6% is statistically superior (p=0.0002).
- The rate of subsequent surgery at the index levels for Mobi-C was 5.6% versus 17.1% for ACDF.
- The rate of clinically relevant adjacent segment degeneration at the:
- Inferior adjacent level was 5.3% for Mobi-C compared to 40.0% for ACDF.
- Superior adjacent level was 11.0% for Mobi-C compared to 26.7% for ACDF.
- Mean return to work time was 45.9 days for Mobi-C compared to 66.8 days for ACDF.
This clinical trial established that Mobi-C at two contiguous levels is statistically superior to ACDF at 60 months for overall trial success. Mobi-C is a safe and effective surgical option at two contiguous levels in the cervical spine from C3-C7 for indicated patients.
In the one-level arm of the IDE trial, Mobi-C demonstrated non-inferiority in overall trial success compared to ACDF at 84 months. Findings comparing Mobi-C to ACDF in the one-level arm at the 84 month endpoint included:
- Mobi-C implanted at one-level demonstrated non-inferiority in overall trial success compared to ACDF. The difference between Mobi-C’s overall success rate of 55.2% and ACDF’s rate of 50.0% represented statistical non-inferiority.
- The rate of subsequent surgery at the index level for Mobi-C was 3.4% versus 11.1% for ACDF.
- The rate of clinically relevant adjacent segment degeneration at the:
- Inferior adjacent level was 22.2% for Mobi-C compared to 40.7% for ACDF.
- Superior adjacent level was 13.3% for Mobi-C compared to 27.9% for ACDF.
- Mean return to work time was 29.3 days for Mobi-C compared to 36.8 days for ACDF.
Mobi-C is a safe and effective surgical option at one-level in the cervical spine from C3-C7 for indicated patients.
For more detailed Mobi-C clinical trial results, visit cervicaldisc.com/clinical-results.
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The Mobi-C® Cervical Disc Prosthesis (Mobi-C®) is a single use device for cervical intervertebral disc replacement at one level or two contiguous levels from C3 to C7 designed to maintain/restore segmental motion and disc height. The components of the Mobi-C® include a cobalt, chromium, molybdenum (CoCrMo per ISO 5832-12) alloy superior spinal plate, an inferior CoCrMo spinal plate, and an ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene (UHMWPE per ISO 5834-2) mobile insert. The inner contact surfaces of the superior and inferior spinal plates are spherical and flat, respectively. This allows for fully congruent contact surfaces between the spinal plates and mobile insert. The two lateral stops of the inferior plate are designed to control and limit the mobility of the mobile insert. The spinal plates, both superior and inferior, feature two rows of teeth which are designed to aid in initial and long term fixation and stability. The teeth are designed to sink into the bone to facilitate endplate fixation and do not require any bone removal or chiseling prior to insertion. A titanium (per ASTM F1580) and hydroxyapatite (per ISO 13779) plasma spray coating is applied to the bony interface surfaces of the superior and inferior spinal plates.
The Mobi-C® Cervical Disc Prosthesis is indicated in skeletally mature patients for reconstruction of the disc from C3-C7 following discectomy at one level or two contiguous levels for intractable radiculopathy (arm pain and/or a neurological deficit) with or without neck pain, or myelopathy due to abnormality localized to the level of the disc space and at least one of the following conditions confirmed by radiographic imaging (CT, MRI, X-rays): herniated nucleus pulposus, spondylosis (defined by the presence of osteophytes), and/or visible loss of disc height compared to adjacent levels. The Mobi-C® Cervical Disc Prosthesis is implanted using an anterior approach. Patients should have failed at least 6 weeks of conservative treatment or demonstrated progressive signs or symptoms despite nonoperative treatment prior to implantation of the Mobi-C® Cervical Disc Prosthesis.
The Mobi-C® Cervical Disc Prosthesis should not be implanted in patients with the following conditions:
- Acute or chronic infection, systemic or at the operative site;
- Known allergy or sensitivity to the implant materials (cobalt, chromium, molybdenum, titanium, hydroxyapatite, or polyethylene);
- Compromised vertebral bodies at the index level due to previous trauma to the cervical spine or to significant cervical anatomical deformity or disease (e.g., ankylosing spondylitis, rheumatoid arthritis);
- Marked cervical instability on resting lateral or flexion/extension radiographs demonstrated by translation greater than 3.5mm, and/or > 11° angular difference to that of either adjacent level;
- Osteoporosis or osteopenia defined as DEXA bone mineral density T-score < -1.5;
- Severe facet joint disease or degeneration.
- Mobi-C® should only be used by surgeons who are experienced with anterior cervical spinal procedures and have undergone hands-on training in the use of this device. Only surgeons who are familiar with the implant components, instruments, procedure, clinical applications, biomechanics, adverse events, and risks associated with the Mobi-C® should use this device. A lack of adequate experience and/or training may lead to a higher incidence of adverse events, including neurological complications.
Correct selection of the appropriate implant size is extremely important to assure the placement and function of the device. Information regarding proper implant size selection, implant site preparation, and the use of the instrumentation before, during, and after Mobi-C® surgery is provided in the Mobi-C® Surgical Technique Manual and the Mobi-C® Instrument System Instructions for Use. Users are advised to read and understand the surgical technique manual and instructions for use prior to surgery.
Due to the proximity of vascular and neurological structures to the implantation site, there are risks of serious or fatal hemorrhage and risks of neurological damage with the use of the device. Care must be taken to identify and protect these structures.
- Heterotopic Ossification (HO) is a potential complication associated with artificial cervical discs and could lead to reduced cervical motion. However, the presence of HO has not been correlated with adverse clinical outcomes involving the Mobi-C® Cervical Disc Prosthesis in the G050212 clinical trial.
- The safety and effectiveness of this device has not been established in patients with the following conditions:
- Skeletally immature patients, pediatric or adolescent children (<21 years old), or those over the age of 67;
- Prior cervical spine surgery, including prior surgery at the index level;
- More than two diseased or immobile cervical spine levels requiring surgical intervention;
- Disc height less than 3mm measured from the center of the disc in a neutral position and disc height less than 20% of the anterior-posterior width of the inferior vertebral body;
- Significant kyphotic deformity or significant reversal of lordosis;
- Active malignancy;
- Paget’s disease, osteomalacia, or other metabolic bone disease;
- Taking medications known to potentially interfere with bone/soft tissue healing (e.g. steroids);
- Diabetes mellitus requiring daily insulin management;
- Clinically extreme obesity (class III) as defined by the NIH Clinical Guidelines Body Mass Index (i.e. BMI >40);
- Neck or arm pain of unknown etiology;
- Systemic disease including AIDS, HIV, and Hepatitis;
- Intractable radiculopathy or myelopathy due to pathology at more than two levels and/or pathology not localized to the level of the disc space;
- Prior fusion at an adjacent vertebral level;
- Neck pain alone;
- Rheumatoid arthritis or other autoimmune disease;
- Neuromuscular disorders such as muscular dystrophy, spinal muscular atrophy, or amyotrophic lateral sclerosis;
- Acute mental illness or substance abuse.
- Patient selection is extremely important. In selecting patients for total disc replacement, the following factors can be of importance to the success of the procedure: the patient’s occupation or activity level, prior injury or other ongoing illness, alcoholism, or drug abuse; and certain degenerative diseases (e.g., degenerative scoliosis or ankylosing spondylitis) that may be so advanced at the time of implantation that the expected useful life of the device is substantially decreased.
- In order to minimize the risk of periprosthetic vertebral fractures, surgeons must consider all co-morbidities, past and present medications, previous treatments, etc. A screening questionnaire for osteopenia or osteoporosis, SCORE (Simple Calculated Osteoporosis Risk Estimation), may be used to screen patients to determine if a DEXA bone mineral density measurement is necessary. If DEXA is performed, the patient should be excluded from receiving the device if the DEXA bone density measured T score is < -1.5, as the patient may be osteoporotic or osteopenic.
- The patient should be informed of the potential adverse effects (risks/complications) contained in the insert (see ADVERSE EVENTS).
- Preoperative planning may be used to estimate the required implant size and to assure that the appropriate range of sizes is available for surgery. The procedure should not take place if the appropriate range of sizes will not be available.
- Examine all instruments prior to surgery for wear or damage. Instruments which have been used excessively may be more likely to break. Replace any worn or damaged instruments.
- Use aseptic technique when removing the Mobi-C® from the innermost packaging. Carefully inspect each component and its packaging for any signs of damage, including damage to the sterile barrier. Do not use Mobi-C® implants if the packaging is damaged or the implant shows signs of damage.
- Use care when handling the Mobi-C® to ensure that it does not come in contact with objects that could damage the implant. Damaged implants are no longer functionally reliable. Visual inspection of the prosthesis assembly is recommended prior to implanting the device. If any part of the assembly appears damaged or not fully assembled, do not use.
- To prevent unnecessary damage to the bearing surfaces, ensure that tissue or other debris is not trapped within the device.
- The Mobi-C® should not be used with components or instruments of spinal systems from other manufacturers. See the surgical technique for step by step instructions.
- Surgical implants must never be re-used or reimplanted. Even though the device appears undamaged, it may have small defects and internal stress patterns that may lead to early breakage.
- Perform a complete discectomy of the disc space between the unci and up to the posterior ligament. Take care to release the foramen bilaterally. It is important to remove all anterior and posterior osteophytes on the superior and inferior vertebral endplates. Liberally cover bleeding with bone wax. To prevent weakening of the endplates, use of a burr is discouraged during endplate preparation. Use the Caspar Retractor as needed to maintain or modify distraction. Ensure proper alignment and placement of device components as misalignment may cause excessive wear and/or early failure of the device.
- Patients should be instructed in postoperative care procedures and should be advised of the importance of adhering to these procedures for successful treatment with the device including the avoidance of heavy lifting, repetitive bending, and prolonged or strenuous activity initially and for a period of weeks to months depending on the individual patient’s progress and the stability and functioning of the implant.
- Note to Physician: Although the physician is the learned intermediary between the company and the patient, the important medical information given in this document should be conveyed to the patient.
1. As of 7/30/13 in the USA
2. The control group in the Mobi-C IDE clinical trial was ACDF using allograft bone and an anterior cervical plate.
3. Amevo B, et al Instantaneous axes of rotation of the typical cervical motion segments: a study in normal volunteers. Clin Biomech (Bristol, Avon). 1991 May:6(2):111-7
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